Alternative Source of Cooking Gas – Conversion of Crop Waste to Energy
The research is aimed to reduce the total dependence on cooking gas refined from petroleum product for rural dwellers due to the difficult terrain and challenges of transportation system encountered. Study was carried out in Igbedi Community of Kolokuma/Opokuma Local Government Area in Bayelsa State, Nigeria; to procure an alternative source of cooking gas for indigenes. The sample used for this research work is waste materials collected from arable crops predominantly cultivated by indigenes of this community. They are such as waste from cassava, sugar cane and grains (maize). Study unveils at the end of test duration that high performance rate recovered for average energy and moisture content, density, pressure and temperature for domestic cooking gas as obtained from cassava piles waste is 7.2391KJ/Kg, 45.56%, 842.4kgm-3, 6098Nm-2 and 3.37? respectively with the support of using Waste Transformation Techniques. Hence, waste from cassava piles satisfying the real properties of cooking gas from petroleum product as revealed in the review literature is the major source of alternative cooking gas from crop waste. Therefore, to maintain sustainability this reliable and effective proven gas from crop wastes is aided with the provision of a larger waste disposal tank for waste collection at an affordable rate, design to recover at least a good quantity of cooking gas for every home. Thus, a consistent follow up with the lay down procedure to convert waste to energy will give rise to the availability of the gas.
Illustration Photo: Women in Keny peeling cassava outside a hut (Credit: Angela Sevin/Wikimedia Commons CC BY 2.0)