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Automated Aeroponics System using IoT for Smart Farming

Authors: Stephen C. Kerns, Joong-Lyul Lee

Publisher: European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

In recent years, the Internet of Things (IoT) has received much attention in the areas of industry and academia. Currently, IoT technologies are being applied in many fields and is changing lives in many areas such as smart homes, smart cities, smart grids, autonomous cars, and the industrial internet. Howbeit, traditional agriculture is still waiting for many changes to occur in networking technology especially in IoT. Many researchers and engineers are working towards applying IoT technology to traditional agricultural methods. Aeroponics farming is an efficient and effective process for growing plants without using soil. When we apply IoT technology to an aeroponics system, it is expected that there will be many improvements such as decreasing water usage, increasing plant yield, minimizing rate of growth and reducing the workforce. In this paper, we designed and implemented a new automatic aeroponics system using IoT devices. Our system is comprised of three main components: a mobile application, service platform and IoT devices with sensors. The mobile application provides the user a graphical user interface to monitor and adjust the aeroponics system. The service platform is a middleware system that provides information for the mobile application to store the gathered information from IoT devices using sensors within the aeroponics system. The IoT device uses sensors within the aeroponics system to control each pump and access data. Our work is a new application in the agricultural industry and is expected to be a promising application that will help the farmer with increasing productivity in farming and reducing carbon footprint

Illustration Photo: For deserts and areas with low temperatures, as well as space missions to the Moon and Mars, a closed greenhouse of weather, sun and season allows independent harvests and less water consumption and the abandonment of pesticides and insecticides. With the EDEN-ISS project, such a model greenhouse of the future will be put into long-term testing for one year under Antarctic extreme conditions at the end of 2017. (credits: DLR German Aerospace Center / Flickr Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0))

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