Nanotechnology in Sustainable Agriculture: Recent Developments, Challenges, and Perspectives

Authors: Prasad Ram, Bhattacharyya Atanu, Nguyen Quang D.

Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.

Rights: Copyright © 2017 Prasad, Bhattacharyya and Nguyen. ; ; This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited

Terms of Re-use: CC-BY
Content Provider: PubMed Central (PMC)

Nanotechnology monitors a leading agricultural controlling process, especially by its miniature dimension. Additionally, many potential benefits such as enhancement of food quality and safety, reduction of agricultural inputs, enrichment of absorbing nanoscale nutrients from the soil, etc. allow the application of nanotechnology to be resonant encumbrance. Agriculture, food, and natural resources are a part of those challenges like sustainability, susceptibility, human health, and healthy life. The ambition of nanomaterials in agriculture is to reduce the amount of spread chemicals, minimize nutrient losses in fertilization and increased yield through pest and nutrient management. Nanotechnology has the prospective to improve the agriculture and food industry with novel nanotools for the controlling of rapid disease diagnostic, enhancing the capacity of plants to absorb nutrients among others. The significant interests of using nanotechnology in agriculture includes specific applications like nanofertilizers and nanopesticides to trail products and nutrients levels to increase the productivity without decontamination of soils, waters, and protection against several insect pest and microbial diseases. Nanotechnology may act as sensors for monitoring soil quality of agricultural field and thus it maintain the health of agricultural plants. This review covers the current challenges of sustainability, food security and climate change that are exploring by the researchers in the area of nanotechnology in the improvement of agriculture.

Illustration Graphic: A carbon nanotube treated with a capture agent, in yellow, can bind with and detect the purple-colored target protein - this changes the electrical resistance of the nanotube and creates a sensing device. (credits: Oregon State University / Flickr Creative Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0))

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Ag Sustainability And Innovation
Ag Sustainability And Innovation