Current Trends of Engineered Nanoparticles (ENPs) in Sustainable Agriculture: An Overview
Authors: Namira Arif, Vaishali Yadav, Shweta Singh, Swati Singh, Rohit K Mishra, Shivesh Sharma, NK Dubey, Durgesh Kumar Tripathi and DK Chauhan
Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology
Publisher: OMICS Online
Nanotechnology is an interesting area of multifaceted research in agricultural perspective. This technology incorporates the manufacturing of material at nano level. Nanoparticles (NPs) have now become an integral part of research because of their unique features like their size, shape and surface reactivity. In agriculture sector engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) i.e., metal NPs, metal oxide NPs and Carbon Nano Tubes (CNTs) etc has been used in the form of nanofertilizers and nanopesticide/ herbicides. Therefore, the appropriate use of nanoparticles could provide a proficient sustainable platform to achieve the food requirement of global massive population. As of the application of nanotechnology to agriculture and food industry is outturn in enhanced crop yield with better food quality as well as safety. Inspite of the significances of nano-material, negative outcomes should also be taken in consideration before applying it on a large scale.
Graphic: Nanoparticles (NPs) (metal NPs, Metal oxide NPs and carbon nanotubes) at optimum dose increases chlorophyll content, release of required chemicals, nutrient uptake, NPs solubility, cell elongation, germination rate, growth parameters, microbial activities and crop productivity, while at high dose cause phytotoxicity by reducing crop yield and productivity. (credits: Namira Arif, Vaishali Yadav, Shweta Singh, Swati Singh, Rohit K Mishra, Shivesh Sharma, NK Dubey, Durgesh Kumar Tripathi and DK Chauhan) https://adalidda.net/posts/gCjx4wehy4BqcsXYa/current-trends-of-engineered-nanoparticles-enps-in