Okra is a fruit that has its origin in Africa, and in recent times it has been gaining ground in greengrocers in many countries in America and Europe. If we are going to describe its appearance, we could probably define it as a function between a zucchini and a green pepper. It is widely used in Asian cuisine, especially for its ability to thicken soups and broths.
But we will not talk about the recipes that can be carried out with this fruit, which are many, but about the most common diseases that okra seedlings usually suffer. And it is that of all the stages of development of these plants, it is when they are small when they are most vulnerable to the attack of pests and diseases. Then, as adults, with a little care and applying fertilizer in the right doses for the okra, you will surely have a good harvest.
Most common diseases in okra seedlings
Here are the three most common diseases or pests you may encounter in the early stages of an okra. There is no doubt that there are many other possible payments, which can vary from one area to another, but these are usually the most common.
1. Yellow vein mosaic virus
This is a disease that is transmitted by the popular whitefly. In case your okra plants have been infected with this virus, you will see how a network of veins of greater thickness will begin to appear on their leaves and that little by little they turn yellow.
As its development continues, the plant will suffer a notable atrophy, the same will happen with the fruits, which will grow deformed. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this virus, so you should focus on preventing and attacking any whitefly attack on your crop in time.
2. Curl of the enacion sheet
This virus is also transmitted by whiteflies. The plant that contracts the curl virus will begin to grow twisted and fibrous, with much thicker and leathery leaves.
The only effective measure against this virus is the control of the whitefly population. You have already seen that this insect is an excellent virus vector for okras, so you need to be careful.
3. Fusarium wilt
This disease reaches okras by means of a fungal plant pathogen. It is found in the soil and enters the plant through its root system. Once it attacks a plant it will suffer many effects, but the most noticeable is that it will begin to wilt.
As soon as a plant is found to be suffering from the effects of fusarium wilt, it must be destroyed. Since this pathogen thrives in high humidity environments, it is best controlled by watering under control and planting in well-drained soil.
Well, with this we have already seen the three most common diseases that affect okra seedlings, if you manage to make the plants reach adults, it is most likely that you can already assume that you will have a harvest of their fruits. I hope so. :)