Aniline, also known as aminobenzene or phenylamine, has a chemical formula of C6H7N or C6H5NH2 that contains 6 carbon (C) atoms, 7 hydrogen (H) atoms, and 1 nitrogen (N) atom. Because aniline contains an amino group, it is also an amine and thus classified as an aromatic amine. Aniline is a greasy yellowish to brownish liquid with a musty, fishy odour. melting point of -6°C; boiling temperature of 184°C; flash point of 158°F Insoluble in water and slightly denser than water. Vapors have a higher density than air. A low aniline point indicates a low diesel index because aniline is an aromatic molecule that readily combines with other aromatic compounds. A high aniline point indicates that the gasoline is highly paraffinic, with a high Diesel index and excellent ignition quality.
Explore the Article-