Kosona Chriv

  • Adalidda

  • Cambodia, Phnom Penh, Phnom Penh

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Technology, Innovation needed to Drive Agricultural Revolution in Africa

The low levels of mechanization on the continent, as well as poor utilization of modern inputs and other forms of agriculture technology have inhibited growth of agriculture, the Chief Economist said. Statistics indicate that many countries have fewer than 20,000 tractors in use per 100 square kilometres of land. Similarly, there is limited adoption of modern inputs such as fertilizers, improved seeds, and agro-chemicals, with majority of countries using less than 80 kilograms of fertilizer per hectare of arable land.

Korea shared lessons of how it revamped its agriculture sector using improved technology and innovation, coupled with mechanised farming. As a country which experienced rice shortage of up to 20 percent in the 1950s and early 1960s, and which relied on the United States for food aid in the 1950s, Korea’s new methods of transformation saw it turnaround its agriculture, significantly improving rice production.

Illustration Photo: A variable-rate center-pivot irrigation system in a field in Bushland, Texas, USA, equipped with infrared thermometers that collect temperature data and a neutron gauge to measure soil water content. High-resolution data such as these are used by scientists to optimize crop performance in specific environmental conditions. (Credit: U.S. Department of Agriculture/Flickr CC BY 2.0)