Ecosystem Management: ECO-Engineering Project in Rice Plot in Sungai Besar, Selangor, Malaysia
Ecosystem Management is a process that aims to conserve major ecological services and restore natural resources while meeting the socioeconomic, political and cultural needs of current and future generations. This is important to ensure that every country continues to maintain its vital biodiversity for future sustainable development. In the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) article 2, biodiversity refers essentially to the diversity of living organisms, the genes they contain and the communities to which they contribute. These also include diversity within and between ecosystems. In general, biodiversity plays an important role in almost everything – from climate change mitigation, restoration of degraded habitats, management of an ecosystem, source of medicine for treatment of diseases and control from biological invasions.
Illustration Photo: Paddy field in Sungai Besar, north of Selangor, Malaysia (Credit: Gloson Teh/Flickr CC BY-NC 2.0)