Seed of Moringa oleifera measures 1 cm in diameter with 3 papery white wings on angle .Fresh seeds retain viability of over 90 % within 2 months of seed production and germination declines beyond this in ambient temperature .However the viability of seeds are prolonged in hermetically sealed container and cold storage . Seeds mature in about 3 months after flowering when pods turn brown in colour and dry pods split longitudinally along the 3 ridges of pod .The mature moringa seeds look dark brown and each pod produces around 20-26 seeds each weighing 0.35 grams to 0.12 grams .No of seeds per kilogram vary among different varieties of moringa between 3000 - 9000 .
Moringa seeds germinate in about 7-30 days . When when temperature is around 10-15 degree Celsius it takes 25-30 days to germinate and 7-14 days when temperature is around 25-30 degree Celsius .
The trees grown from seeds develop stout and deep tap roots
and more spreading white tubular lateral roots providing strong anchorage and aiding in more absorption of mineral nutrients and water and tolerance to drought .
The moringa seeds sprout and grow well in wide PH range of 5.5 to 8 and medium to light texture soil .