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Search results for 'Indigenous Species'

  • 7 Ways to Measure Soil Health Improvements

    By Laura Barrera

    Published Mar 7, 2019 

    While there are numerous reasons for using cover crops, a primary one is improving soil health. In fact, it’s the one benefit most farmers using cover crops have experienced: In the most recent Cover Crop Survey Annual Report, of those who rated the statement, “Using cover crops has improved soil health on my farm,” 86% agreed or strongly agreed... Less CompactionAnother soil health benefit you should see after using cover crops is less compaction and deeper root penetration, especially if you’re seeding species like daikon radishes, which are known for growing a deep taproot... “Understand that, especially in the northern states, earthworms are not indigenous,” she explains... ”Instead, she suggests looking for other beneficial species and see if you notice an increase in populations as you continue cover cropping...

    Categories: Cover Crops

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    How Brazilian Big Agriculture is Destroying the Brazilian Amazon

    By Maria Dampman

    Published Apr 4, 2018 

    Tragically, the indigenous people are also victims of the spread of soy. There are 900,000 indigenous people in Brazil and 12. 2% of the country has been declared Indigenous Territory... In past attempts to forcibly retake their land, many indigenous people have been killed by local militia consisting of farmers and cattlemen refusing to give up their lands... The Indigenous people have nearly no voice in the government, and extremely limited resources to help protect their dying culture...

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    Retro Species United States, DE, Dover

    Interests: Vegetables

    What Farmers Need to Know About Mycorrhizae

    By Laura Barrera

    Published Nov 2, 2018 

    But did you know that for many crops, those roots aren’t working alone?That’s because most plant species associate with mycorrhizal fungi... Although there are many different types of mycorrhizae, the only one crop farmers need to be concerned about is arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), as 65% of plant species associate with it... “One of the reasons there isn’t is because it’s so dependent on what species of fungi you have,” he explains... , recommends having eight to 10 different species in a cover crop mix, with at least six of them being highly mycorrhizal... While many cover crop species promote mycorrhizal fungi growth, Green Cover Seed co-owner Keith Berns says oats, in particular, are an excellent choice...

    Categories: Cover Crops

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    When is it Too Late to Seed Cover Crops?

    By Laura Barrera

    Published Jan 29, 2019 

    The General Manager of cover crop seed company Future Generation Ag explains that your weather conditions, location, the number of acres you have, the species of cash crop you’re coming from and going to, as well as equipment, all play a role in determining whether it’s too late to get your cover crops seeded... If you’re looking for benefits in the spring, as many farmers are, Ebersole says there are several species or mixes that can overwinter and still put on some growth in the spring... ”Select Cold-Tolerant SpeciesAnother factor with seeding cover crops late is the species you want to use. You may want to avoid any species that is not suitable for surviving cold weather, Ebersole says, such as radishes and some specific clover and oat varieties, although black oats have been known to overwinter south of I-70 and as far north as Pennsylvania... Instead, Ebersole says wheat, triticale and cereal rye are some of the go-to species for late-seeding — according to Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE), cereal rye can germinate in soil temperatures as low as 34 degrees Fahrenheit, and needs at least 38 degrees to begin growing...

    Categories: Cover Crops

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    What’s the function of Mycorrhiza?

    By Darren Chan

    Published Jan 2, 2019 

    Introduction of MycorrhizaExcessive dependence on chemical fertilizers can result in the destruction of a large number of beneficial microbial communities in the soil and a decrease in soil activity. To improve the current soil ecosystem with serious damage and improve soil fertility, it is imperative to supplement soil beneficial microorganisms... Among them, most arbor species form ectomycorrhizal fungi, accounting for about 3% of the total number of mycorrhizal plants. According to preliminary statistics by Harley and Smith (1983), the species that can form ectomycorrhizal fungi include 43 families and 139 genera, mainly distributed in temperate and subtropical regions, followed by southern subtropical and tropical regions, while other regions are less... Therefore, when these species are symbiotic with plants, they will inevitably affect plants and promote the growth of plants...

    Categories: Agribusiness, Beef, Corn

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    Top 5 Reasons Why Black Oats Are The Best Beginner's Cover Crop

    By Cover Crops

    Published Sep 14, 2018 

    It's a fact: cover crops tend to make good farmers into great farmers and average farmers into bad farmers. Cover crops work. But, management is key and the learning curve can be steep. If you've been sitting on the sidelines in the past but are interested in jumping on the cover crop bandwagon, don't be intimidated... And, that's for good reason! However, it’s easy for a cover crop beginner to look at pictures of 9-way multi-species blends on Instagram and get overwhelmed...

    Categories: Cover Crops

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    Ten Ways to Increase Your Farm's Profits This Year

    By AgFuse Exclusive Content

    Updated Dec 30, 2019 

    Part 1: Know Your True Cost of Production Why Your TCOP Matters How to Calculate Your TCOP Part 2: Take the Emotions Out of Your Marketing Plan Why You Need a Plan How to Create a Marketing Matrix How to Determine Your Marketable Inventory How to Use a Marketing Matrix Why You Need an Accountability Partner Part 3: Replace Dead Assets What Are Dead Assets? What Are Productive Assets? Part 4: Manage Your Cash Flow Conversion Cycle What a Cash Flow Conversion Cycle Is How to Speed Up Incoming Flows How to Postpone Outgoing Flows How to Minimize Paying Interest Part 5: Start Using Cover Crops. . ... For example, if you grow legumes or peanuts, you may want to ​shy away from using a multi-species legume cover mix in those fields​... The contract typically runs two years and then you can apply for a different contract to incorporate multi-species legume mixes...

    Categories: Agribusiness, Marketing, Cover Crops

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    Oh deer! Deer damage and what farmers can do about it

    By John Moody

    Published May 21, 2018 

    It is that time of year again, at least in my parts. As things go from the tunnel to the field, all our friendly little four legged foes start to to make dinner plans… and breakfast plans. Some are making midnight snack plans as well. Raccoons, rabbits, and the worst of all in our area - deer. Animal damage to ag crops is a significant issue...

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    A New Era of Farm Employees: Farm Technicians vs. Farm Hands?

    By Gregory Heilers

    Published Jun 4, 2018 

    Traditional agricultural skills that made civilization possible are still alive and in use today. At the same time, hundreds of farm technician job listings across the US, and the rise of precision agriculture and software, clearly evidence the need for technologically-savvy farm technicians in the 21st century agricultural industry. It’s no surprise that tech-friendly millennials interested in farming are encouraged by these developments, which may make farming less labor intensive than in generations past. Technology may even be the antidote to a number of ills plaguing modern agriculture, which have led to a drastic decrease in the number of farms across the United States... ” He cited organizations such as the EMU Project, which represent a return to indigenous and traditional ecological knowledge...

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  • Retro Species United States, DE, Dover

    Interests: Vegetables

  • The Stull Farm, LLC

    Public
    We are a family ran farm that believes in raising livestock in a caring and natural way, Our livestock is raised on pasture with many animals free ranging. We currently raise Scottish Highland Cattle, multiple species of hogs, goats, sheep, chickens, ducks, and turkeys.
    Interest: Beef, Grass-Fed Livestock, Poultry, Specialty Livestock, Swine

  • 7 Ways to Measure Soil Health Improvements

    By Laura Barrera

    Published Mar 7, 2019 

    While there are numerous reasons for using cover crops, a primary one is improving soil health. In fact, it’s the one benefit most farmers using cover crops have experienced: In the most recent Cover Crop Survey Annual Report, of those who rated the statement, “Using cover crops has improved soil health on my farm,” 86% agreed or strongly agreed... Less CompactionAnother soil health benefit you should see after using cover crops is less compaction and deeper root penetration, especially if you’re seeding species like daikon radishes, which are known for growing a deep taproot... “Understand that, especially in the northern states, earthworms are not indigenous,” she explains... ”Instead, she suggests looking for other beneficial species and see if you notice an increase in populations as you continue cover cropping...

    Categories: Cover Crops

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    How Brazilian Big Agriculture is Destroying the Brazilian Amazon

    By Maria Dampman

    Published Apr 4, 2018 

    Tragically, the indigenous people are also victims of the spread of soy. There are 900,000 indigenous people in Brazil and 12. 2% of the country has been declared Indigenous Territory... In past attempts to forcibly retake their land, many indigenous people have been killed by local militia consisting of farmers and cattlemen refusing to give up their lands... The Indigenous people have nearly no voice in the government, and extremely limited resources to help protect their dying culture...

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    What Farmers Need to Know About Mycorrhizae

    By Laura Barrera

    Published Nov 2, 2018 

    But did you know that for many crops, those roots aren’t working alone?That’s because most plant species associate with mycorrhizal fungi... Although there are many different types of mycorrhizae, the only one crop farmers need to be concerned about is arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), as 65% of plant species associate with it... “One of the reasons there isn’t is because it’s so dependent on what species of fungi you have,” he explains... , recommends having eight to 10 different species in a cover crop mix, with at least six of them being highly mycorrhizal... While many cover crop species promote mycorrhizal fungi growth, Green Cover Seed co-owner Keith Berns says oats, in particular, are an excellent choice...

    Categories: Cover Crops

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    When is it Too Late to Seed Cover Crops?

    By Laura Barrera

    Published Jan 29, 2019 

    The General Manager of cover crop seed company Future Generation Ag explains that your weather conditions, location, the number of acres you have, the species of cash crop you’re coming from and going to, as well as equipment, all play a role in determining whether it’s too late to get your cover crops seeded... If you’re looking for benefits in the spring, as many farmers are, Ebersole says there are several species or mixes that can overwinter and still put on some growth in the spring... ”Select Cold-Tolerant SpeciesAnother factor with seeding cover crops late is the species you want to use. You may want to avoid any species that is not suitable for surviving cold weather, Ebersole says, such as radishes and some specific clover and oat varieties, although black oats have been known to overwinter south of I-70 and as far north as Pennsylvania... Instead, Ebersole says wheat, triticale and cereal rye are some of the go-to species for late-seeding — according to Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE), cereal rye can germinate in soil temperatures as low as 34 degrees Fahrenheit, and needs at least 38 degrees to begin growing...

    Categories: Cover Crops

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    What’s the function of Mycorrhiza?

    By Darren Chan

    Published Jan 2, 2019 

    Introduction of MycorrhizaExcessive dependence on chemical fertilizers can result in the destruction of a large number of beneficial microbial communities in the soil and a decrease in soil activity. To improve the current soil ecosystem with serious damage and improve soil fertility, it is imperative to supplement soil beneficial microorganisms... Among them, most arbor species form ectomycorrhizal fungi, accounting for about 3% of the total number of mycorrhizal plants. According to preliminary statistics by Harley and Smith (1983), the species that can form ectomycorrhizal fungi include 43 families and 139 genera, mainly distributed in temperate and subtropical regions, followed by southern subtropical and tropical regions, while other regions are less... Therefore, when these species are symbiotic with plants, they will inevitably affect plants and promote the growth of plants...

    Categories: Agribusiness, Beef, Corn

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    Top 5 Reasons Why Black Oats Are The Best Beginner's Cover Crop

    By Cover Crops

    Published Sep 14, 2018 

    It's a fact: cover crops tend to make good farmers into great farmers and average farmers into bad farmers. Cover crops work. But, management is key and the learning curve can be steep. If you've been sitting on the sidelines in the past but are interested in jumping on the cover crop bandwagon, don't be intimidated... And, that's for good reason! However, it’s easy for a cover crop beginner to look at pictures of 9-way multi-species blends on Instagram and get overwhelmed...

    Categories: Cover Crops

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    Ten Ways to Increase Your Farm's Profits This Year

    By AgFuse Exclusive Content

    Updated Dec 30, 2019 

    Part 1: Know Your True Cost of Production Why Your TCOP Matters How to Calculate Your TCOP Part 2: Take the Emotions Out of Your Marketing Plan Why You Need a Plan How to Create a Marketing Matrix How to Determine Your Marketable Inventory How to Use a Marketing Matrix Why You Need an Accountability Partner Part 3: Replace Dead Assets What Are Dead Assets? What Are Productive Assets? Part 4: Manage Your Cash Flow Conversion Cycle What a Cash Flow Conversion Cycle Is How to Speed Up Incoming Flows How to Postpone Outgoing Flows How to Minimize Paying Interest Part 5: Start Using Cover Crops. . ... For example, if you grow legumes or peanuts, you may want to ​shy away from using a multi-species legume cover mix in those fields​... The contract typically runs two years and then you can apply for a different contract to incorporate multi-species legume mixes...

    Categories: Agribusiness, Marketing, Cover Crops

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    Oh deer! Deer damage and what farmers can do about it

    By John Moody

    Published May 21, 2018 

    It is that time of year again, at least in my parts. As things go from the tunnel to the field, all our friendly little four legged foes start to to make dinner plans… and breakfast plans. Some are making midnight snack plans as well. Raccoons, rabbits, and the worst of all in our area - deer. Animal damage to ag crops is a significant issue...

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    A New Era of Farm Employees: Farm Technicians vs. Farm Hands?

    By Gregory Heilers

    Published Jun 4, 2018 

    Traditional agricultural skills that made civilization possible are still alive and in use today. At the same time, hundreds of farm technician job listings across the US, and the rise of precision agriculture and software, clearly evidence the need for technologically-savvy farm technicians in the 21st century agricultural industry. It’s no surprise that tech-friendly millennials interested in farming are encouraged by these developments, which may make farming less labor intensive than in generations past. Technology may even be the antidote to a number of ills plaguing modern agriculture, which have led to a drastic decrease in the number of farms across the United States... ” He cited organizations such as the EMU Project, which represent a return to indigenous and traditional ecological knowledge...

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    4 Steps to Building Soil Organic Matter in the South

    By Laura Barrera

    Published Jul 18, 2018 

    Whenever these growers did not have a cash crop growing, they were growing a cover crop mix that contains at least four species... Kloot says that while species like grass crops tend to bring more carbon into the soil because they have more biomass, continuously growing grasses without any additional diversity will cause productivity in the soil to go down. In the case of the five farmers he’s been working with, some have increased the diversity of species in their soils by a factor of two or three, he says. “Some of our fields in a 3-year rotation are going to see 14 different species. Three or four cash crop species and then up to 8 or 9 different cover crop species,” he explains...

    Categories: Cover Crops

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  • Posted By Beginning Farmers
    Oct 28, 2020 

    https://www.agupdate.com/agriview/news/business/bacterial-silage-inoculants-improve-fermentation/article_566556dc-d857-5a32-bf1f-b4a75f4a1bac.html

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    Call for Applications: The Africa Biosciences Challenge Fund (ABCF) Fellowship

    The purpose of the ABCF fellowship program is to develop capacity for agricultural biosciences research in Africa, to support research for development projects that ultimately contribute towards increasing food and nutritional security and/or food safety in Africa, and to facilitate access to the BecA-ILRI Hub facilities by African researchers (and their partners). We seek applicants with innovative ideas for short to medium term research projects (up to 12 months) aligned with national, regional or continental agricultural development priorities that can be undertaken at the BecA-ILRI Hub.

    Areas of research

    Applicants must be scientists affiliated (through employment) with African National Agricultural Research Systems (NARS) e.g. national agricultural research institutes and universities, and conducting research in the areas of food and nutritional security or food safety in Africa. Those carrying out research in the following areas are particularly encouraged to apply*;

    Improved control of priority livestock and fish diseases including: African Swine Fever (ASF); Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) and Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCPP); Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR); Rift Valley Fever (RVF); East Coast Fever (ECF); Capripox Virus diseases of ruminants;
    Harnessing genetic diversity for conservation, resistance to disease and improving productivity of crops and livestock and fish (livestock focus: African indigenous breeds, particularly goats, chickens, alternative small livestock species);
    Molecular breeding for important food security crops in Africa;
    Plant transformation to address food insecurity in Africa;
    Plant-microbe interactions;
    Tissue culture and virus indexing for production of virus-free planting materials in Africa;
    Orphan/underutilized species of crops and livestock;
    Crop pests, pathogens and weed management research, including biological control;
    Microbial technology for improving adaptation of staple food crops and forages to biotic and abiotic stresses;
    Rapid diagnostics for crop, livestock and fish diseases;
    Genomics, bioinformatics and metagenomics including microbial discovery;
    Studies on climate-smart forage grasses and mixed livestock-crop systems;
    Microbial technology for improving adaptation of staple food crops and forages to biotic and abiotic stresses;
    Soil health in agricultural systems;
    Improved control of parasitic pathogens of plants (bacteria, fungi, oomycetes) that cause enormous economic losses as well as environmental damage in natural ecosystems (e.g.: Phytophthora infestans that causes potato blight).

    Dateline for submission: 30th June 2018

    Illustration Photo: Scientists work in a laboratory at the International Livestock Research Institute in Nairobi, Kenya. (credits: Kate Holt / Africa Practice / ...

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    Posted By Laura Barrera
    Nov 2, 2018 

    https://agfuse.com/article/what-farmers-need-to-know-about-mycorrhizae
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    Posted By Laura Barrera
    Jun 15, 2018 

    https://agfuse.com/article/should-you-rotate-your-cover-crops-4-issues-to-consider
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    Posted By Darren Chan
    Jan 2, 2019 

    https://agfuse.com/article/what-s-the-function-of-mycorrhiza
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    Posted By Laura Barrera
    Jan 29, 2019 

    https://agfuse.com/article/when-is-it-too-late-to-seed-cover-crops
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    Posted By John Moody
    Jun 20, 2018 

    https://agfuse.com/article/surviving-a-sick-day-as-a-small-farmer
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    Posted By Cover Crops
    May 18, 2018 

    https://agfuse.com/article/early-cover-crop-benefits-what-can-you-expect-in-the-first-year-
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    Posted By Laura Barrera
    Jun 29, 2018 

    https://agfuse.com/article/how-cover-crops-affect-your-fertilizer-strategy
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    Posted By Mark Smith
    Feb 15 

    #AgHistory

    Did you ever wonder about fertilizer? Why was it developed, why it is used, and which is best (organic vs. conventional')? This is an aspect of agriculture with a significant amount of history, as well as myth, which needs to be understood if policy that doesn't repeat itself is to be developed. First, as a historian, one must consider WHY the search for a better means of fertilizing our crops. A great deal of debate exists in scientific circles about claims made from organic marketing, and these claims are at the center of this very question. It is crucial to accurately compare what we call organic methods with non-organic methods to understand why our ancestors shifted. One of the first papers I have come across and which I recommend reading: Seufert, V., Ramankutty, N. & Foley, J. Comparing the yields of organic and conventional agriculture. Nature 485, 229-232 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11069. In it, you will see that "...The performance of organic systems varies substantially across crop types and species... For example, yields of organic fruits and oilseed crops show a small (3% and 11% respectively), but not statistically significant, difference to conventional crops, whereas organic cereals and vegetables have significantly lower yields than conventional crops (26% and 33% respectively)." While the researchers note that this subject needs further research, it does correspond with centuries of study that led to the development of chemical fertilizer in the first place. While space is limited in this format, we can still travel back in time to George Ville, who in the 1860's, scientifically studied this very subject in a manner we are familiar with. It is interesting to note that the Experimental Farm' of George Ville in France conducted many of the same types of research we would expect from our Cooperative Extension Experimental Stations' to this very day. Mr. Ville noted in his book ‘Chemical Manures' (3rd edition 1871) that natural manure composition varies (as we might expect depending on livestock health and pasture variations amongst the livestock). In short, chemical fertilizers were less expensive and produced better yields than manuring alone. Prior to the development of ‘chemical fertilizers', our own agricultural history has periods of attempting to find a better method than traditional manuring alone. Use of lime as a soil supplement for example, predates the Revolutionary War in the Susquehanna Valley, and Plaster of Paris (gypsum and sulphate of lime) shipped primarily from Nova Scotia until about 1815. Bat guano was shipped to Boston as early as 1830. In the early 1700's, farmers along Long Island sowed white fish in immense quantities, as much as 10,000 fish per acre (a glaring example of how ‘organic' and ‘sustainable' are not necessarily synonymous). There is much more to be said on this subject, and factual history must be understood as we look to feed future generations.

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